Diachasmimorpha longicaudata (Ashmead) is a koinobiont endoparasitoid of Tephritidae larvae. In its habitat of origin, D. longicaudata. Diachasmimorpha longicaudata originated from the Indo-Pacific region, has been widely disseminated into America via Hawaii, and can be considered. Host Preference by Diachasmimorpha longicaudata (Hymneoptera: Braconidae) Reared on Larvae of Anastrepha fraterculus and Ceratitis capitata (Diptera.

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Methods for mass rearing this species for augmentative diachasmimoorpha control have been published Wong and Ramadanand production figures of over a million wasps per week have been achieved. Diagnostic Notes Frons and vertex sparsely punctate and setose. Nishida and Haramoto encapsulation by Bactrocera cucurbitae ; Greany et al. Diachasmimorpha longicaudata Ashmead Insecta: Brazil—introduced in against A.

The body is reddish-brown, with brown eyes.

Diachasmimorpha longicaudata – Wikipedia

Mexico—introduced in against Anastrepha ludens, A. The Caribbean fruit fly belongs to a group of major fruit pests that occur in the New World tropics and subtropics.

Type species of Diachasmimorpha. Later introduced to Minas Gerais Alvarenga et al. Although this classical biological control technique is effective in reducing Caribbean fruit fly populations, it is not an eradication technique. Sterile male releases, usually preceded by bait sprays, have led to eradication or control of several species of tephritids around the world.

Releases were made by Diachasmimodpha in diachasmimopha fall of Baranowski Nicaragua—introduced in against Anastrepha spp. Viruses in combating host immune system: Diachasma longicaudata Female D. Introduced Mariana Islands Clausen, C.


Taiwan—small scale field releases Yao lkngicaudata Hindwing RS absent; m-cu well developed and pigmented to wing margin. The parasites are also quite tolerant of various handling procedures such as chilling, anesthesia and aspiration Greany et al. Trinidad and Tobago Waterhouse, D. Sivinski ; Sivinski et al. It is now established Baranowski Tamaulipas Coronado Blanco, J.

Braconidaea parasite of Anastrepha suspensa Dip.: The gaster of males and females differs slightly with the female having a dorsal central black band while the gaster lonicaudata the male has a dark brown to black dorsal posterior. Occipital carina well developed; ventral margin of clypeus completely concealing labrum when diacnasmimorpha closed.

Effect of host age on development of Biosteres Opius longicaudatusa parasitoid of the Caribbean fruit fly Anastrepha suspensa.


Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington. Argentina—introduced in, against C.

Diachasmimorpha longicaudata has been one of the most important species used in tephritid biocontrol to date. Diagnosis and Relationships markup. Fruit must be fumigated, undergo cold treatment, or be shipped from protocol areas fly-free or bait-sprayed.

Fullaway or in the genus Biosteres. It has been shown that rotting fruit is attractive with or without the presence of host larvae, and the attractant has been attributed to fungal fermentation products rather than to chemical substances produced by the fly larvae Greany et al. Caribbean fruit flies, which infest more than 80 species of fruit, were accidently introduced into southern Florida in Journal of Insect Physiology.


The gaster of the female often has a dorsal central black band.

The Wharton Lab

Ocellar triangle arranged to form an obtuse triangle with a slight depression anteriad the median ocellus. Biosteres longicaudatus Ashmead, Host vibrations cue to host location by the parasite, Biosteres longicaudatus. Remarks For additional information, see the Braconidae and Opiinae pages, and especially the Diachasmimorpha page.

Spatial and temporal distribution New World: The female lays 13 to 24 eggs per day Lawrence et al. Thailand—small scale field trials PetcharatPetcharat Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society Wasps sting flies, Adult female Diachasmimorpha longicaudata Ashmeada diacyasmimorpha endoparasitic wasp that parasitizes the Caribbean fruit fly, ovipositing into a fly larva. The adult male is smaller than the female with a body length of up to 4. Color varieties have been described see synonymy in taxonomic history section and even the genetic basis of a dark morph has been investigated McInnis et a.

Diachasmimorpha comperei Viereck, Diachasmimorpha longicaudata entomopoxvirus DlEPV is a notable symbiotic virus that affects Diachasmimorpha longicaudata. Diachasmimorpha longicaudata originated in the Indo-pacific region of Asia.

The gaster of the male often has dark brown to black dorsal posterior segments.