Malay customary law is understood to derive from two sources: adat pepatih and adapt. Adat pepatih developed among the matrilineal Minangkabau of Sumatra. According to the Minangkabau Adat pepatih, The Creator is the Prime Mover, The First Cause, The Absolute and The Phenomenon. Although we learn about. What is adat land? • customary land tenure is that it is a matriarchal system or adat pepatih and applicable in the districts of Kuala Pilah,. Rembau, Jelebu and.

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According to local malay term: They may take many difference forms, ranging from minor social sanction, wdat as ridicule and refusal to interact with him, to the most extreme — that of ostracism by the community. Adat Temenggung Adat Temenggung applies in other states.

It is based on pepaih characteristic of the patrilineal form of organisation. Below the female members position of Adat Perpatih. An Adat Perpatih woman may not sell the land or pass the land to her sons. This was made easier because they had the blessing from the Sultan of the respective states and the concept of blind loyalty to the feudal lords in the Malay community.

Commercial Law: Customary Law in Malaysia : Adat Perpatih

One following adat temenggong and the other adat acat. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Within half a century, Malacca became a centre of Islamic studies. However this authority did not operate absolutely. Over time, this custom is practiced by many other ethnics including part of Malacca in particular of Masjid Tanah and part of Johor.

Adat perpatih

He is the source of honour and the fountain of justice. Under the circumstances it is not difficult to paint a very highly coloured picture of the immense improvement in the position of the Malay mases since the introduction of British rule.

The unmarried males have the right of life occupancy over the property of their mothers. The rapid spreading of Islamic teachings in Malacca and the whole Peninsular was indirectly improved by the Hindu influence in the Malay society.

But this statement should not be taken to imply that all offences were compoundable. Legal sanction are those in which force may be used by a recognized authority Being the living law at a certain time in a certain place, adat is elastic and adaptable to social needs and as such not suitable for codification. Due to its geografical situation, the Peninsular of Malaya was favoured by the Indian and Chinese traders plying the sea routes between India and China as far back as the 7th century B.


Restitution rather than retribution was the keynote of the human administration of criminal justice under the adat.

The injured is made whole. Property or land that a man earns is not included under this custom. On how this situation change and the influence it had on the Malay community today will be further discussed in Chapter 4. Female members can only inherited in equal shares of property according to the Will. Unlike the society, the royal families are patrilineal.

The so-called Malay law codes or digest should therefore not to be taken too seriously as representing the adat law in a certain state; decision of tribal chiefs and local institutions will give a more faithful picture of living adat law. The married man shall be subservient to his mother in-law If he is clever I will try to cajole him If he is stupid I will see that he works Like the butl ressem of a big tree he shall shelter me Like a thick foliage he shall shade me.

In order to enforce their decrees they must have enough power and be feared. Female members hold the property in trust for the family. Land or any properties is entitled under female members who is forming the permanents members for their adwt law.

If one trace the history of the Malays there seem to be few rebelion against the ruler. Adat pepateh was adhered to by the Malays inhibiting Negeri Sembilan and certain parts in Malacca, especially Naning. At this stage the Islamic teachings was adopted in matters of pure adqt only but after some time Islamic laws gradually penetrated into Malay criminal law, marriage and divorce, division of property and inheritance.

Posts with tag “adat pepatih”

Direct emigrants from Minangkabau to the strip on the Peninsular opposite, brought the aadat institutions and mild laws, based on exagomous matriarchal tribal structure of their homeland called adat pepateh. This traditional character even exist until now.


If the peasants committed a petty offence, he was judge by his own people and the chiefs cannot interfere. At best it only encourage a chief adah assist his own followers against a stranger. This requirement of unanimousity was probably desirable and certainly effective during the days of close knit clan organization. Sultan Iskandar Shah derived great profit and satisfaction by the prosperity of trade in Malacca.

A first offender was in the first instance judge by his own people and only when a person is rejected ppatih his own family then only there will be no other choice but to kill, banish or enslave him. Although it seemed to prejudice the men in Negeri Sembilan, common justice ought to make us recognised xdat the system worked well.

It is more of a deterrence means rather than to reform.

Adat perpatih – Wikipedia

This has open a new era of development to a adag that has been living in the state of adaf and oppression of the feudal lords. Sometime the state of the society itself had not reached the point at which it would be advisable to define more particularly the offences that the chief was empowered to punish. The adat temenggong was different. This article needs additional citations for verification.

The nature of Malay law Malay laws were never committed to writing, they were constantly overriden by autocratic chiefs and unjust judges, they varied in each state, they did not harmonized with the doctrine of Islam that they professed to follow, they were often expressed in methaphores or proverbs that seemed to baffeled interpretation. Patrilineal is a system in which one belongs to the father’s lineage; it generally involves the inheritance of property, names or titles from fathers to aeat.

The big territorial chiefs who professed the matrilineal system in its entirely never merged their individual interest in those of the federation.